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투자진출 - KOTRA 해외시장뉴스
한-ASEAN FTA에 따른 베트남 수입관세 인하 효과 분석
2007-06-29 미국 호치민무역관 안유석

한-ASEAN FTA에 따른 베트남 수입관세 인하 효과 분석

- 단기 효과는 미미, 중장기 효과는 다대 -

- 2007.6.29일부터 발효 -

 

보고일자 : 2007.6.29.

안유석 호치민무역관

sean-ahn@kotra.or.kr

 

 

□ 베트남 정부, 한-ASEAN FTA에 따른 수입관세율 인하 발표

 

 Ο 베트남 정부는 한-ASEAN FTA(AKFTA/이후 AKFTA로 표기)에 따라 베트남의 한국산 제품에 대한 2007년 수입관세 인하계획을 2007.5.31에 발표(Decision 41/2007/QD-BTC)했고, 2007.6.29부터 공식 발효 예정

 

□ 2007년 관세인하 효과 미미

 

 Ο 2007년 적용될 AKFTA(ASEAN Korea FTA) 수입관세율은 현재 한국산 제품에 대해 적용하고 있는 MFN(최혜국대우) 수입관세율과 비슷하거나 높은 수준

 

 Ο AKFTA 수입관세가 MFN보다 높을 경우, MFN을 적용 받게 되므로 현재와 큰 차이 없음.

 

□ 관세인하 효과 미미 사유

 

 Ο 베트남의 AKFTA 수입관세 인하는 2006년부터 2016년까지 점진적으로 낮추도록 설계돼 있으며, 크게 일반품목(NT: Normal Track)과 민감품목(ST: Sensitive Track)으로 나뉘고, 민감품목은 민감품목(SL: Sensitive List)과 초민감품목(HSL: Highly Sensitive List)로 구분되며, 초민감품목(HSL)은 A,B,C,D,E 그룹으로 분류

 

X = MFN 수입관세율

AKFTA 수입관세율(VIETNAM)

7407.10.20.00*

Other bars and rods of refined copper

7411.10.00.00

Tubes and pipes of refined copper

1,511

1,351

286

138

8535.30.11.10*

Isolating switches of a voltage of up to 36kV

465

128

204

1

     자료원: 한국무역협회(KITA)

     비고: 한국 수출통계는 HS Code 6자리까지만 나오기 때문에 (*) 표시 품목은 실제로는 HS Code 6자리 수치임

 

□ 한국의 대베트남 주요 수출품목중 민감품목(ST) 대상

 

 Ο 아래 한국의 주요 대베트남 수출품목은 민감품목(ST) 대상으로 단기적으로 관세인하효과 미발생

 

HS Code

상품 설명

현재 MFN 관세율

2203

Beer made from malt

65

2204

Wine of fresh grapes, including fortified wines; grape must other than that of heading 2009

65

2206

Other fermented beverages; mixtures of fermented beverages (like cider, perry, sake or rice wine, toddy,

65

2208

Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume of less than 80% volume; spirits, liquors and other spirituous beverages

65

Chapter 24

Tobacco, cigars and cigarettes

15, 30, 150

2710

Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude, preparations containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals; waster oils

Frequent changes depending on the fluctuation of world prices

3303

Perfumes and toilet waters

30

3304

Beauty or make-up preparations for the care of the skin (other than medicaments) including sunscreen or suntan preparations, manicure or pedicure preparations

20, 30, 40

3918

Floor coverings of plastics, whether or not self-adhesive, in rolls or in the format of tiles, wall or ceiling coverings of plastics

40

3920.20.20.00

BOPP film

5

3922

Baths, shower-baths, sinks, wash-basins, bidets, lavatory pans, seats and covers, flushing cisterns and similar sanitary ware, of plastics

40

3924

Tableware, kitchenware, other household articles and toilet articles, of plastics

40

3925

Builders’ ware of plastics (tanks, containers of a capacity exceeding 300 litres, doors, windows and their frames, shutters, blinds & parts, …)

40

4011.10

4011.20

4011.40

4011.50

- New pneumatic tyres of rubber, used on motor cars

- Used on buses or lorries

- Used on motorcycles

- Used on bicycles

30

10, 30

40

40

4012

Retreaded or used pneumatic tyres of rubber

0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50

4013.10

4013.20

4013.90.19

- Inner tubes of rubber, used on motor cars

- Used on bicycles

- Used on earth moving machinery, of width

10, 30

40

5

 

4013.90.20

exceed-ing 450 mm

- Used on motorcycles or motor scooters

 

40

4802.55.20.00

- Fancy paper and paperboard including with watermarks, granitized felt finish, fibres or blend of specks and vellum antique finish

35

4802.55.40.00

- Other printing, writing or photocopy papers and of a kind used for graphic purposes

35

4802.56

- Paper weighing 40 g/m2 or more but not more than 150 g/m2, in sheets with one side not exceeding 435mm and the other side not exceeding 297mm in the unfolded state

35

4802.57

- Other paper, weighing 40g/m2 or more but not more than 150 g/m2

35

4802.58

- Paper, weighing more than 150g/m2

35

4802.61.30.00

4802.62.30.00

4802.69.30.00

- Other printing, writing or photocopy papers and of a kind used for graphic purposes

35

4814

Wallpaper and similar wall coverings, window transparencies of paper

35

4821

Paper or paperboard labels of all kinds, whether or not printed

30

6911

Tableware, kitchenware, other household articles and toilet articles, of porcelain or China

60

6912

Ceramic tableware, kitchenware, other household articles and toilet articles, other than of porcelain or China

50

7003.12.20.00

7003.12.90.00

7003.19.20.00

7003.19.90.00

- Non-wired cast & rolled glass sheets, except for optical glass

45

7003.20

- Wired glass sheets

40

7003.30

- Glass profiles

40

7004

Drawn glass and blown glass, in sheets, except for optical glass that is not optically worked under 7004.20.10.00, 7004.90.10.00

45

7005

Float glass and surface ground or polished glass, in sheets, except for optical glass that is not optically worked under 7005.10.10.00, 7005.21.10.00, 7005.29.10.00

30, 40

7007.11.10.00

Tempered safety glass of size and shape suitable for use in vehicles, aircraft, spacecraft or vessels

30

7007.21.10.00

Laminated safety glass of size and shape suitable for use in vehicles, aircraft, spacecraft or vessels

30

7008

Multiple-walled insulating units of glass

30

7009

Glass mirrors, whether or not framed, including rear-view mirrors

30

7012

Glass inners for vacuum flasks or for other vacuum vessels

50

7013

Glassware of a kind used for table, kitchen, toilet, office, indoor decoration or similar purposes, except for lead crystal under 7013.91

30, 40, 50

7016

Paving blocks, slabs, bricks, squares, tiles and other articles of pressed or molded glass, whether or not wired, of a kind used for building or construction purposes; glass cubes and other glass small wares, whether or not on a backing, for mosaics or similar decorative purposes; leaded lights and the like; multicellular or foam glass in blocks, panels, plates, shells or similar forms

40, 50

7209

Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width of 600mm or more, cold-rolled, not clad, plated or coated

3, 7

7210

Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width of 600mm or more, clad, plated or coated, except for:

0, 3, 5, 7,10,12 

 

- 7210.50: Plated or coated with chromium oxides or with chromium plus chromium oxides

- 7210.70.70: Plated or coated with other metals, of a thickness not exceeding 1.2mm

- 7210.70.90: Other

- 7210.90.11/12: Not clad, plated or coated with metal

 

7211

Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width of less than 600mm, not clad, plated or coated, except for:

- 7211.13: Not further worked than hot-rolled

- 7211.23/29: Not further worked than cold-rolled

- 7211.90: Other

0

7214

Other bars & rods of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than forged, hot-rolled, hot-drawn or hot-extruded, but including those twisted after rolling, except for 7214.30, 7214.91.11~19 and 7214.91.22

5, 10

7215

Other bars & rods of iron or non-alloy steel, except for free-cutting steel under 7215.10

5,10

7216

Angles, shapes and sections of iron or non-alloy steel, except for 7216.22 (T sections)

10

8303

Armoured or reinforced safes, strong boxes and doors and safe deposit lockers for strong-rooms, cash or deed boxes and the like, of base metal

30

8407

Spark-ignition reciprocating or rotary internal combustion piston engines, except for:

- 8407.10: Aircraft engines

- 8407.21.90: Marine outboard motors, exceeding 30HP

- 8407.29: Other marine propulsion engines except for outboard motors

- 8407.90: Other engines

5, 10, 25, 30, 45, 50

8408

Compression-ignition internal combustion piston engines (diesel or semi-diesel engines), except for:

- 8408.10.20~90: Marine propulsion engines except for the kind of a power not exceeding 22.38 kW

- 8408.20.91: Other, for vehicles of subheading 8701.10 fully assembled

- 8408.20.92: Other, for the vehicles of heading 8701, fully assembled

- 8408.90: Other engines

3, 15, 20, 25, 30

8413.70

Centrifugal pumps for liquids, whether or not fitted with a measuring device; liquid elevators; except for 8413.70.29

10, 30

8414.30

Compressors of a kind used in refrigerating equipment

0

8414.51

Fans

50

8415.10.10/20

- Air-cons, window or wall types, self-contained or split-system, of an output up to 26.38kW

40

8415.20

- Of a kind used for persons, in motor vehicles

20, 30

8415.81

- Other, incorporating a refrigerating unit and a valve for reversal of the cooling/heat cycle, except for those of an output exceeding 26.38 kW

0, 20, 30

8415.82

- Other, incorporating a refrigerating unit, except for those of an output exceeding 26.38 kW

0, 20, 30

8415.83

- Not incorporating a refrigerating unit

0, 20, 30

8418.10.10

Combined refrigerator-freezer, fitted with separate external doors, household type

40

8418.21/22/29

Refrigerators, household type

40

8418.30

Freezers of the chest type

20, 30

8418.40

Freezers of the upright type

20, 35

845011/12/19/20

Household or laundry-type washing M/Cs

30

8451.21.00.00

Drying machines, each of a dry linen capacity not exceeding 10kg

30

8451.40.20.00

Washing machines

0

8452.10.00.00

Sewing machine

50

8501.10

DC motors, not exceeding 37.5W, except for stepper motors (8501.10.11) and spindle motors (8501.10.12)

30

8501.20

Universal AC/DC motors of an output exceeding 37.5W

30

8501.31

Other DC motors & generators, of an output not exceeding 750W

30

8501.40

Other AC motors, single-phase

3, 30

8501.61

AC generators, of an output not exceeding 75kVA

30

8504.21/22

Liquid di-electric transformers, having a power handling capacity not over 10,000 kVA

30

8504.32/33/34

Other transformers, having a power handling capacity exceeding 1 kVA, except for 8504.32.30.00

0, 30

8506.10.10

Primary cells & batteries, of Manganese dioxide, having external volume not exceeding 300 cm3

30

8506.30/40/50

Cells & batteries of mercuric oxide, silver oxide, Lithium

30

8506.60.10

Of air-zinc, having external volume not exceeding 300 cm3

30

8509.10

Vacuum cleaners

40

8509.20

Floor polishers

40

8509.40

Food grinders or mixers, fruit or vegetable juice extractors

40

8516.10

Electric instantaneous or storage water heaters and immersion heaters

40

8516.31

Hair dryers

40

8516.33

Hand-drying apparatus

40

8516.40

Electric smoothing irons

40

8516.50

Micro-wave ovens

40

8516.60

Other cookers, ovens, grillers, roasters

40

8516.71

Coffee/tea makers

40

8516.72

Toasters

40

8516.79

Kettles or others

40

8519

Turntables, record-players, cassette-players & other sound reproducing apparatus, not incorporating a sound recording device, except for 8519.99.20

10, 30, 40

8520.32.90

 

Digital magnetic tape recorders and other sound recording apparatus, whether or not incorporating a sound reproducing device, not for special use in cinematographic, television, broadcasting

30

8520.33

Cassette type, except for 8520.33.10 for special use in cinematographic, television, broadcasting

30

8521

Video recording or reproducing apparatus, whether or not incorporating a video tuner (magnetic tape-type, laser disc players), except for 8521.10.10, 8521.90.11, 8521.90.91 for special use in cinematographic, television, broadcasting

40

8527

Reception apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy or radio-broadcasting, whether or not combined, in the same housing, with sound recording or reproducing apparatus or a clock, except for portable receivers for calling, alerting or paging

10, 30

8528

Reception apparatus for television, video monitors and projectors, except for B &W video monitors (8528.22.00) and video projectors of 300 inches or more (8528.30.10)

5, 20, 30, 40

8536.10

Fuses, for a voltage not over 1,000V

30

8536.20

Automatic circuit breakers

0, 20

8536.30

Other apparatus for protecting electrical circuits

0, 30

8536.41

Relays

30

8536.50

Other switches, except for smoke switches (8536.50.10), over current automatic switches (8536.50.20), miniature switches for rice cookers or oven toasters (8536.50.50)

5, 10, 20

8539.10

Sealed beam lamp units for motor vehicles of Chapter 87, except for 8539.10.90.10

20, 30

8539.21.30

Tungsten halogen, used for motor vehicles

20, 30

8539.22

Lamps, over 100V, less than 200W, except for reflector bulbs (8539.22.10) and special bulbs for medical equipment (8539.22.20)

30

8539.29.30

Others, used for vehicles

30

8539.29.50

Others, 200W~300W, over 100V

40

8539.31

Discharge lamps, other than ultra-violet lamps

40

8539.39.20

Discharge lamps for decorative or publicity purpose

35

8539.39.40

Electric lamps for motor vehicles or cycles

20, 30

8544.11

Winding wire of copper

10, 15

8544.20.10/20

Co-axial cable and other co-axial electric conductors, not over 66,000V

10

8544.30.10

Wiring harnesses for motor vehicles

20

8544.41.12

Telephone cables, other than submarine

15

8544.41.14

Telegraph & radio relay cables, other than submarine

15

8544.41.15

Other plastic insulated electric cable having cross section not over 300 mm2

20

8544.41.91/99

Others

10, 15, 20, 30

8544.49.91/99

Others

10, 20, 30

8544.51.91/99

Others

10, 20, 30

8544.59

Others

0, 10, 15, 20, 30

8701.10

Pedestrian controlled tractors

10, 30

8701.20.11/19

Road tractors for semi-trailers, not over 1,100cc

15

8702

Motor vehicles for the transport of ten or more persons, including driver, except for some types of buses designed for use in airports

7.5, 10, 15, 25, 80, 150

8703

Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons including station wagons & racing cars, except for some kinds of hearses, prison vans, ambulances

10, 15, 25, 80, 150

8704

Motor vehicles for the transport of goods

0, 3, 5, 10, 15, 18, 20, 22.5, 30, 45, 60, 80, 90, 150

8706

Chassis fitted with engines, except for those used for tractors (8706.00.11/19)

10, 35, 45

8707

Bodies of motor vehicles, except for those used for tractors (8707.90.11/19)

10, 35, 45

8708

Parts & accessories of motor vehicles from 8701~8705, except for some kinds

3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30

8711

Motorcycles

90

8712

Bicycles, except for racing ones (8712.00.10)

80

8714

Parts & accessories of vehicles of 8711~8713, except for parts of carriages for disabled persons (8714.20)

45

8902.00.11~32

Fishing vessels, factory ships and others for processing or preserving fishery products, of gross tonnage not exceeding 100

10

9406

Prefabricated buildings

30

    자료원: Decision 41/2007/QD-BTC; Decision 39/2006/QD-BTC; Decision 78/2006/QD-BTC

 

□ 시사점

 

 Ο 2007.6.29 발효되는 AKFTA로 인해 중장기적으로는 양국간 무역 및 투자확대에 지대한영향을 끼칠 것이나, 단기적 효과는 미미한 것으로 분석됨.

 

 Ο 대베트남 수출시, AKFTA 수입관세율만 확인해서는 안되며 MFN 수입관세도 확인해, 둘중 낮은 관세가 적용되므로 이에 대한 숙지 필요

 

 Ο 베트남 정부는 매년 AKFTA 수입관세율을 발표할 예정으로, 매년 수출품목에 대한 수입관세율을 확인해야 함.

 

 

자료원 : 무역관 자체 조사

공공누리 4유형

KOTRA의 저작물인 (한-ASEAN FTA에 따른 베트남 수입관세 인하 효과 분석)의 경우 ‘공공누리 제4 유형: 출처표시+상업적 이용금지+변경금지’ 조건에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다. 다만, 사진, 이미지의 경우 제3자에게 저작권이 있으므로 사용할 수 없습니다.

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